Understanding Zika Virus – How dangerous is the virus and who is most at risk ?



Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys through a network that monitored yellow fever. It was later identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. From the 1960s to 1980s, human infections were found across Africa and Asia, typically accompanied by mild illness. The first large outbreak of disease caused by Zika infection was reported from the Island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia) in 2007. In July 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome. In October 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and microcephaly.

Signs and Symptoms

The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) of Zika virus disease is not clear, but is likely to be a few days. The symptoms are similar to other arbovirus infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.

Complications of Zika virus disease

After a comprehensive review of evidence, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Intense efforts are continuing to investigate the link between Zika virus and a range of neurological disorders, within a rigorous research framework.

Transmission

Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti in tropical regions. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. Sexual transmission of Zika virus is also possible. Other modes of transmission such as blood transfusion are being investigated.

Diagnosis

Infection with Zika virus may be suspected based on symptoms and recent history of travel (e.g. residence in or travel to an area with active Zika virus transmission). A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed through laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen.

Treatment

Zika virus disease is usually mild and requires no specific treatment. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical care and advice. There is currently no vaccine available.

Prevention

Mosquito bites
Protection against mosquito bites is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection. This can be done by wearing clothes (preferably light-coloured) that cover as much of the body as possible; using physical barriers such as window screens or closing doors and windows; sleeping under mosquito nets; and using insect repellent containing DEET, IR3535 or icaridin according to the product label instructions. Special attention and help should be given to those who may not be able to protect themselves adequately, such as young children, the sick or elderly. Travellers and those living in affected areas should take the basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.

It is important to cover, empty or clean potential mosquito breeding sites in and around houses such as buckets, drums, pots, gutters, and used tyres. Communities should support local government efforts to reduce mosquitoes in their locality. Health authorities may also advise that spraying of insecticides be carried out.

Sexual transmission

Sexual transmission of Zika virus has been documented in several different countries. To reduce the risk of sexual transmission and potential pregnancy complications related to Zika virus infection, the sexual partners of pregnant women, living in or returning from areas where local transmission of Zika virus occurs should practice safer sex (including using condoms) or abstain from sexual activity throughout the pregnancy.

People living in areas where local transmission of Zika virus occurs should also practice safer sex or abstain from sexual activity. In addition, people returning from areas where local transmission of Zika virus occurs should adopt safer sexual practices or abstain from sex for at least 8 weeks after their return, even if they don’t have symptoms. If men experience Zika virus symptoms they should adopt safer sexual practices or consider abstinence for at least 6 months. Those planning a pregnancy should wait at least 8 weeks before trying to conceive if no symptoms of Zika virus infection appear, or 6 months if one or both members of the couple are symptomatic.

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How to Prevent Hepatitis A | Hepatitis A Treat Plan



Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus which is most frequently spread by ingesting tiny pieces of contaminated fecal matter.[1] Hepatitis A may cause a variety of symptoms which usually last about two months, but, in some cases, can last up to six months. This article will outline the best ways to prevent hepatitis A.

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How to Prevent Hepatitis A | Hepatitis A Treat Plan

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Herpes Treatment – Is There A Cure For Genital Herpes



Herpes Treatment - Is There A Cure For Genital Herpes

The early symptoms can include: an itching or burning feeling in the genital or anal area; flu-like symptoms, including fever; swollen glands; pain in the legs, buttocks, or genital area; vaginal discharge; a feeling of pressure in the area below the stomach.

There is no treatment that can cure genital herpes; the virus will always be in your body. Certain drugs such as acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir can shorten outbreaks and make them less severe, or stop them from happening. Depending on your needs, your doctor can give you drugs to take right after getting outbreak symptoms or drugs that you can take on a regular basis to try to stop outbreaks from happening.

When used along with safe sex practices, Valacyclovir can also help prevent you from passing the infection to someone lse.Talk to your doctor about which treatament plan is best for you.

During outbreaks, these steps can speed healing and prevent spreading of the infection to other sites of the body or to other people. Keep the infected area clean and dry.Try not to touch the sores. Wash hands after contact. Avoid sexual contact from the time the symptoms are first noticed until the sores have healed.

Immune boosting Beta-mannan is very helpful in suppressing and reducing severity of outbreaks, but surgical treatments such as cryosurgery will not help. Treatments for this condition include free-form lysine or supplemental high-lysine low-arginine diet is beneficial. Natural therapies are: red marine alga (a antiviral blocker); blue-green alga Spirulina platensis specially processed (antiviral agent); Micronutrient (episode suppressor); Colostrum Immunoglobulins (anti-microbial for infants); Beta-mannan (promotes healing); Olive leaf (oleuropein-antioxidant boosts immune responders) and Vitamin C (antiviral nutrient).

There is no cure for genital herpes. Once you have the virus, it stays in your body and there is a chance that you will have outbreaks. Medicine can shorten and stop outbreaks from happening.

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How to Treat Eye Infection | Natural Eye Infection Cure | Eye Infection at Home |Tips For Eye damge



HOW TO TREAT AN EYE INFECTION? LEARN safe & effective home remedies for CURING EYE INFECTION SYMPTOMS.

Eye infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. Eye infections differ in severity depending on the part of the eye that is affected.

Some common eye infections affecting all age groups are:

1. Conjunctivitis - the inner eyelid membrane is infected
2. Blepharitis - eyelid infection
3. Keratitis - cornea
4. Vitritis - the vitreous liquid inside the eye
5. Chorioretinitis - retina and blood vessels associated with it and
6. Neuroretinitis - infection of the optic nerve.

Eye Infections Symptoms:

Eye infections can be very painful! An infection of the eye can manifest as redness, itching, pain, irritation, sensitivity to light and sensation of foreign particles in the eyes. Other symptoms include tears and discharge from the eyes. Infection of the eyes can only be determined by what is causes it. The most common among eye infections is conjunctivitis which makes the eyes turn blood rd and also causes itching. This type of infection is contagious.

Let us look at some of the eye infection symptoms listed below for a better understanding:

1. Redness: A common symptom of an eye infection is redness which is sometimes accompanied by itching in both eyes. If you notice such signs, then you must act immediately in order to avoid further complications.

2. Discharge: Eyes that are infected can cause some kind of discharge that is watery or even sticky. Once this happens, it is time to visit your doctor to analyze the cause.

3. Eye lid crusting: This is another symptom which tells you that you may be having an eye infection. The eye lids develop a crusty layer that rubs against the eye and causes redness and a sore feeling.

4. Swollen eyes: Whenever you feel that your eyes have begun to swell, then you must understand that is some underlining infection of the eyes which has to be evaluated.

Causes eye infections:-

1. Ocular histoplasmosis syndrome: histoplasmosis is usually a fungal infection of lungs. It might over the years migrate to the retina in the eye and cause decay in the retinal tissue thereby leading to impaired vision. Sexually transmitted infections like Chlamydia and gonorrohea can also cause eye infections due to rubbing of eyes after handling the genital areas. Chlamydia can cause conjunctivitis but is not very serious, gonorrohea however can lead to damage to inner layers of the eyes. Herpes simplex virus can also infect the eyes like Chlamydia and lead to severe corneal damage causing blindness.

2. Shingles: These are sores present on the skin during a chickenpox infection. When the eye is touched after coming in contact with a sore then the infection can lead to ocular infection.

Eye Infection Treatment – Home Remedies That Works Effectively
You can treat eye infections with natural home remedies. Feel free to read our suggested list of home remedies that you can use to treat eye infection from your home.

Home Remedy 1:
Take equal quantity of honey and water. Boil the water and mix the honey in it. Once it is cooled, apply the mixture with a clean cloth or cotton balls to the affected areas. This can be considered as one of the best eye infection home remedies that you all must try out in order to get relief.

Home Remedy 2:
Take a cup of water and bring it to boil. Add a spoon full of flaxseeds (alsi) and stir the contents for 10-15 minutes and then drain the excess water. Now, pull out all the contents in a piece of clean cloth and apply directly to the eyes. Repeat the process 2-3 times in a day to get relief from the pain.

Home Remedy 3:
Mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda with 1 cup of water. Stir it well, and then use it to wash your eyes for 2-3 times a day. This is an excellent sore eyes treatment that will help you soothe the eyes.
Now I’m sure you all are well versed with how to cure an eye infection! Wait no more and go ahead with these amazing home remedies! After all your eyes are a mirror that reflect the world.

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